Welcome the the ABC Flag Blog.
As part of our efforts to strengthen the identity and recognition of the nation’s counties, the county flag is a highly effective weapon in our arsenal. A flag often seems synonymous with the entity it conveys, its very existence can reinforce the notion and status of that entity; a bright eye-catching design rippling in the breeze will attract attention of itself and invariably lead to an enquiry about what or where it represents.
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The proposed flag, illustrated by Brady Ells, is his suggestion as a flag for the county based on the quasi coat of arms which featured in the 1933 work Civic Heraldry of England and Wales by C.W Scott-Giles
used informally by the Camarthenshire County Council, prior to the formal award of arms in 1935. The design features two avowedly Welsh symbols, a leek and a harp – the latter being apt as the county is an important centre of Welsh musical traditions and poetry.
Whilst clearly not having a specific nor long standing local provenance, being rather, a combination of generic Welsh emblems, this civic insignia was also used to represent the county in a general way as demonstrated by this Camarthenshire County Bowling Association badge,
In 1935 the local council received a formal award of arms
which combine two Welsh dragons with two gold lions on a quarted red and gold, counter charged field, the quarters being divided by an an indented line. The lion and indentation are from the arms of Rhys ap Tewdwr Mawr, King of Deheubarth, a kingdom occupying the territory of modern day Camarthenshire, in the eleventh century
and it has been suggested that an armorial banner formed from these arms would be an appropriate flag for the modern county which occupies the territory of the anicent kingdom
The erstwhile administration of Dyfed included the Deheubarth, arms to signify the inclusion of Camarthenshire as part of its territorial remit
so there is certainly a precedent for use of this design to represent the county, indeed the flag is fown in the county today, as seen here in flight over Camarthen Castle
An alternative design has been created by Philip Tibbetts, taking the shield from the later council arms arms as inspiration.
This design retains the same colours and indented divisions of the civic design. The county’s soubriquet of “the garden of Wales” is recalled in the inclusion in each quarter of water lillies, all suitably countercharged in red and gold. These flowers also reflect the county’s recognition as the “Ystrad Tywi” territory i.e. “Vale of the River Twyi/Towy”.
The proposed flag features the traditional county emblem of a gold Stafford Knot, with which Staffordshire has been associated for centuries. The earliest recording of the knot is on the shaft of a stone cross located in a Stoke-on-Trent churchyard.
There are a number of stories relating to its origin.
The knot was said to symbolically bind three different local areas which joined to form what is now known as Staffordshire when Ethelfleda, eldest daughter of Alfred the Great,
who defended a stronghold at Stafford, symbolically took off her girdle and said to the local lords: “With this girdle, I bind us all as one”, and the three areas became Staffordshire. The anniversary of this event was celebrated in 1913, a thousand years after it was said to have happened.
Another theory holds that the Knot forms the shape of a double ‘S’ representing ’’Stafford-Shire’’. There is also a popular notion that the Knot originated when a Stafford County Sherriff invented it to hang three criminals at the same time. He only had one piece of rope but could not just hang one of the criminals as it would be unfair to the other two to give precedence to only one of the condemned! He therefore tied his single rope into three loops and dispatched of all three criminals at the same time.
However, the earliest authentic appearance of the Stafford Knot is on the seal of Joan Stafford, Lady of Wake, who died childless in 1443. A descendant of Hereward the Wake, she may have inherited the device, described as the “Wake Knot”, from past generations. This artefact, now in the British Museum, passed upon her demise to her nephew, Humphrey, Earl of Stafford. He adopted the knot, henceforward to be known as the Stafford Knot, as his badge, probably just preceding his creation as Duke of Buckingham in 1444 and it appears coloured gold, in abundance on his standard.
The townsmen of Stafford, “liegemen” of the de Stafford family, also made use of the Stafford Knot badge. As the days of feudalism passed and individual and civic liberties grew, it was gradually adopted by the Citizens, Freemen and Burgesses of the county. Accordingly by 1611 when John Speed published his Atlas of Great Britain, he included a map of the town of Stafford
which featured the de Stafford family arms, gold with a red chevron, combined with the family badge a gold Stafford Knot, as the apparent arms of the town.
The knot has since become the ubiquitous symbol for Staffordshire and its county town, It has been used as the badge of the Staffordshire Regiment
and appeared on the shirts of local nineteenth century football teams, being seen here
proudly emblazoned in a large and clear depiction across the chests of the 1876 Rushall Rovers team, from a mining village near Walsall and again on the shirts of
West Bromwich Albion in season 1881-1882.
Then, as recorded in his 1933 work “Civic Heraldry of England and Wales ” C.W.Scott-Giles writes that the Staffordshire County Council, formed in 1889, was formerly awarded arms in 1931 which are described as “Gold, a red chevron, charged with a gold Stafford Knot…..”
With the addition of a blue chief, the council, had seemingly “annexed” the arms originally ascribed to the county town in the seventeenth century, by Speed. But notably the theme of a gold Stafford Knot on a red background was maintained across three centuries. The town of Stafford itself by the twentieth century had received different arms which nonetheless still featured two gold Stafford Knots against a red background
North Staffordshire Railways was formed in 1845 and used a logo of a gold Stafford Knot against a red background
and was affectionately known as “The Knotty”.
The gold knot on a red background has subsequently appeared on several of the town arms in the county; from left to right below, Stoke-on-Trent, Cosely, and Tipton.
A gold knot on red background was further used by the Staffordshire Yeomanry
and in the modern era appears on the arms of Keel University
is the logo of Staffordshire Federation of Women’s Institutes
and is found on the labels and logos of the Staffordshire brewery Marston’s, based in Burton-on-Trent
The county emblem is also the logo of the Stafford Morris Men
This extensive use of the gold on red Stafford Knot by county based organstions makes it the obvious and natural emblem for deployment as the Staffordshire county flag .
The campaign to see this traditional county emblem registered as the county flag of Staffordshire can be found here
There is a traditional design that is available for registration as the county flag of Warwickshire, described here
aditionally however, Philp Tibbetts has aslo created this alternative based upon the colurs of the county regiment and various local depictions.
Warwickshire County Council was granted arms
depicting a bear and ragged staff in 1931 but the device originated as the badge of the Earls of Warwick centuries before. The combination is therefore steeped in local history and is a very familiar emblem for the county being used by many local associations including, from left to right below;
Warwickshire Rugby Union; Warwickshire cricket club; Warwickshire local history society, Warwickshire Police and Warwickshire Football Association. In addition the council makes use of logos incoproating the same motif in a simplified, stylised form
Phillipp Tibbetts has thus devised the above potential flag for Warwickshire depicting the bear and staff in blue to reflect the badges of the Warwickshire Police Constabulary, Warwickshire Football Association and Warwickshire County Cricket club. This is charged on a yellow background as yellow and blue were the colours of the Royal Warwickshire Regiments/Fusiliers as demonstrated by these regimental ties
The bear and ragged staff have long been associated with Warwickshire. Their origins are lost in the distant past, but they have been associated with the Earls of Warwick since at least the 14th century. Richard Neville, the 16th Earl of Warwick ( “Warwick the Kingmaker” ) (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471) made use of a seal bearing a combined bear and ragged staff, to authenticate deeds and letters. His retainers are recorded in 1458 as wearing red coats with separate silver staffs, embroidered front and rear and this colour scheme was similarly used on his battle standard which featured a combined bear and staff emblem in what may perhaps, be the first instance of the emblem obtaining a coloured realisation.
Over the centuries use of the emblem by the Earls of Warwick has led to its association generally with the county of Warwickshire. The 1st Warwickshire Militia regiment (originally raised in 1759, but reorganised under the Earl of Warwick as Lord Lieutenant in 1803) bore the bear and ragged staff as its collar badge until attached to the Royal Warwickshire Regiment in 1881. The Warwickshire Constabulary (founded in 1857) also adopted the bear and ragged staff as its badge, using a red background with a silver bear and staff.
Created in 1889, Warwickshire County Council obtained permission to use the bear and ragged staff as a seal in 1907 before receiving a formal award of arms on July 7th 1931 which included a full depiction of the bear and ragged staff in the white on red colours found on Richard Neville’s battle standard
Many other organisations have since followed this lead such as;
the University of Warwick
the county police force in various guises
the modern county council logo
the county scouts movement
the county law society
and a local pub
The emblem of a white bear and ragged staff on a red field, long associated with the county of Warwickshire and adopted by numerous county is the obvious emblem for deployment as the county flag of Warwickshire. The campaign to see this traditional county emblem registered as the Warwickshire county flag is found here https://www.facebook.com/WarwickshireFlag?fref=ts
Suffolk is the only county on the east coast without a flag although it is closely associated with the arms attributed to the local saint and martyred king of East Anglia, Edmund,
who was killed in a hail of arrows; his burial site is located in Bury Saint Edmunds. The arms were ascribed to Saint Edmund in the mediaeval period and reflect his kingship and death.
They were adapted as the arms of the abbey which grew up around his burial site
and can also be seen incorporated into the coat of arms of the Suffolk town of Beccles
as well as the arms of the Suffolk County Council
One design that has been promoted for several years, the creation of local man Bill Bulstrode, combines Saint Edmund’s arms with the cross of Saint George
However, this flag is almost identical to the registered flag of the region of East Anglia of which Suffolk of course, is a part, so it cannot be registered. However a less complicated version simply deploys the Saint Edmund arms as an armorial banner – stretching the design from the shield to fill the shape of a flag.
This proposal has been manufactured from a design created by Charles Ashburner, chief executive of the flag manufacturer http://www.mrflag.com/ from whom the flag shown below, was commissioned by a Suffolk resident, in 2014
The arrow pierced Crown of Saint Edmund has also featured on two further proposals for Suffolk’s flag, both of which feature the locally associated pink shade.
In this proposal from Brady Ells
the field of the flag is pink. As he describes, ‘Suffolk Pink’ is a symbol in itself being a hue strongly associated with the county, Suffolk is famous for its pink-washed houses and cottages.
Traditionally the Suffolk pink distemper was mixed with buttermilk and pig’s blood and then painted on to the house. The Suffolk Pink concept has now become so popular that a new variety of apple (discovered in Suffolk, of course) has been named after it. The colour pink would be unique among British other county flags, and is already extremely rare amongst all the flags of the world.
In this proposal, whose creator is unknown, the field is divided into pink and blue stripes. Again the motivation for the colour choice was the famed house colour found in the county.
Another proposal comes from James Bowman
It features the arms of St. Edmund; a blue shield, as in the flag of East Anglia; a pink central field, representing the Suffolk pink wash used to paint render; and blue outer fields, representing the county’s rivers and the sea.